Professor Freer is Director of the Birmingham Energy Institute (BEI) and Head of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Birmingham. He is former Director of the Birmingham Centre for Nuclear Education and Research, which he established in 2010. His background is in Nuclear Physics for which he was awarded the Rutherford Medal for his contributions to the subject. He has overseen the development of the BEI, helped establish Energy Capital and has co-led the establishment of the joint University of Birmingham–Fraunhofer Germany research platform. He has led two previous policy commissions for the University of Birmingham, the first on the ‘Future of Nuclear Energy in the UK’ and the second on ‘Doing Cold Smarter’, an examination of the global demand for clean cooling technologies and the potential for UK leadership.